There are Approx 1.30 Crs. of Motor vehicles in different categories in Telangana State. The vehicular population is increasing day by day and smoke emission from Automobile is causing pollution and also becoming hazardous to health.
The total vehicular pollution load (VPL) in twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad alone is 1500 T/day various pollutants released into the atmosphere are detailed below.
The smoke emitted from vehicles, if left unchecked, could pollute the environment to a great extent. PUC is a certification mark that is provided to vehicles that undergo the PUC Test successfully.
The certification indicates that the vehicle’s emissions are in alignment with standard pollution norms and are not harmful to the environment. All vehicles on Indian roads are mandated to carry a valid PUC certification.
Affects the cardio vascular system, exacerbating cardiovascular disease symptoms, particularly angina may also particularly affect fetuses, sick, anemic and young children, affects nervous system impairing physical coordination, vision and judgments, creating nausea and headaches, reducing productivity and increasing personal discomfort.
Increased susceptibility to infections, pulmonary diseases, impairment of lung function and eye, nose and throat irritations.
Affect lung function adversely.
|Particulate Matter and Respirable Particulate Matter (SPM and RPM)
||Fine particulate matter may be toxic in itself or may carry toxic (including carcinogenic) trace substance, and can alter the immune system. Fine particulates penetrate deep into the respiratory system irritating lung tissue and causing long-term disorders.
||Impairs liver and kidney, causes brain damage in children resulting in lower I.Q., hyperactivity and reduced ability to concentrate.
||Both toxic and carcinogenic. Excessive incidence of leukemia (blood cancer) in high exposure areas.